Following an effective renal diabetic diet is of paramount importance if suffering from kidney problems caused by diabetes. For those who want a layman’s definition of definition of diabetes – this is a disease caused by the inability to control glucose levels within the body. And glucose means sugar so in effect the body is unable to control sugar levels within. Combating two conditions, unlike previous renal diets that focused on one kidney condition, obviously presents new problems which are different than the previous renal diets discussed.
The problem when diabetes is present is that diabetes injures the blood vessels within the kidneys. This in turn means that besides suffering with high sugar levels in the blood due to diabetes, a person also has to contend with the kidney disease symptoms. The most visible symptom is swelling of limbs due to retained water. However internally waste products will build up because the kidneys are diseased. Hence they are unable to perform the filtration process, i.e. the removal of waste products from the blood.
A Typical Renal Diabetic Diet
As we mentioned before the occurrence of diabetes will have a significant impact on this type of renal diet. Diabetes demands control of sugar so it goes without saying that sugar intake is heavily controlled in this type of diet. Sweets, sweet drinks, candy and other similar foods are to be carefully controlled. Portion sizes of all foods are to be regulated – no use controlling intake of food and then taking large portions. Moreover carbohydrate intake is also controlled and regular small portions will usually be advised so as to keep glucose levels constant. Moreover and more importantly, glucose levels will be kept at a certain level that your body can cope with. Keep in mind that monitoring glucose levels will also be advised. And you will be advised to inform your doctor and dietician about these readings. This is because if your glucose level in the blood is low, extra sugar might be recommended. As glucose is important for normal brain functioning, monitoring is important as mentioned before.
On must mention fruit at this stage as fruit contains natural sugars. Although natural sugars such as fructose are much better than refined sugar, both types of sugars end up being converted into glucose in the body. So eating too much fruit might be advised against by your dietician.
Regarding the foods you will be advised to take for kidney disease, sodium and phosphorus intake will be significantly reduced. We have already seen in diets for healthy kidneys and also for diseased kidneys, that these two compounds are harmful.
High quality protein foods are to be kept to a minimum. Meats that have been salted or canned are to be particularly avoided.
Here is a list of foods that are typically recommended for an effective renal diabetic diet:
Foods such as plain yoghurt, white bread and vegetables such as peas and potatoes, broccoli, carrots, cabbages, onions.
Fruits including apples, strawberries, cherries, grapes, pears and pineapples
Meats and fish: Poultry, fish, eggs and seafood
Beverages: Water, tea and diet colas that are not dark colas.
A complete list can be found here
As in everything, always follow a diet drawn up by a qualified person and do not just introduce foods into your diet without clearance from your dietician. Also do not decide when and how to go about your daily routine – consult an expert. These are especially important as you are combating two diseases and not one so the process is more delicate.